Tarime is one of the five districts of the Mara Region, situated in Northern Tanzania. It was previously known as the North Mara District. It is bordered on the North - East by the Kenyan districts of Migori (NW), the Trans Mara and Kisii and to the East by Masai Mara. To the South it is bordered across the Mara River by the Musoma Urban, Musoma Rural and Serengeti Districts, and to the West by the district of Rorya.
The population of Tarime District is 352,855 (170,465 males and 182,390 females), according to the 2009 Tanzania National Census.
The district has a total area of 11,137 square kms and lies between latitudes 1°00" – 1°45" South of the Equator and Longitudes 33°30" - 35°0" East of the Meridian. The district has bimodal rainfall that starts in September to December (short rains) and March to May (heavy rainfall). The land surface is divided into three zones: highland, midland and lowland zones. The highland zone has an altitude that ranges from 1500 to 1800 m above sea level. This zone receives an average annual rainfall of 1200 – 1500 mm and average annual temperature is between 14 and 20C. The midland zone lies between 1200 and 1500 m asl and has average annual rainfall and temperature of 900 – 1200 mm and 20 – 25C, respectively. The lowland zone includes areas that lie between 1000 and 1200 asl. The zone receives rainfall of about 700 - 900 mm per year and the temperature ranges from 20 to 28 C.
There are two ecological zones in the Tarime District; the Upper Zone which is in the Northern part of the district and Central Zone which is in the South West of the District. Central region is the largest being of 2235 squared Kilometers and situated between 1300 and 1500 meters from sea level.
The Tarime District is administratively divided into 41 wards:
Socio - Economic Information relating to Tarime district
Tarime District has 125 primary schools (including three private schools), 22 Secondary Schools, A teachers' training College (College of Education, Tarime), a college for Social Development and two universities.
Health care in the Tarime District Council area mainly is provided by a hospital, seven health centers and twenty seven dispensaries, which serve the public with dedication and compassion.The following five deceases are the main health concerns in the region:
Tarime District is blesed with abundant water resources, being on the shores of the Victoria Lake. there are also a wide range of other water sources such as rivers, springs, dams and wells.
Availability of water for domestic use in the district
The following water sources fulfill the water needs of the public in the Tarime district
Water Services as indicated above are accessible to an estimated population of 178,768. 47 out of 77 villages acquire water from the wells, and pumped Gravity Schemes, where as 12 villages acquire water from the Mara River. A further five villages get water from the village ponds exavated by villagers themselves.
Nearly 85% of the population of the District Council are dependent on agriculture and animal husbandryfor their livelihood. Other main occupations in the district are small scale business activities, small scale mining and mineral extraction. According to a survey, a large proportion of the households (79%) are male-headed and o21% were female-headed . The majority of the household heads of the female-headed households were widows. 75.8% of the households depended on crop and livestock production while only 10% depended on livestock production alone as the main source of income.
Tarime District has a size of 179,160 hectares, of which 90,630 hectares are suitable for agriculture. Of this 69,155 hectares are now under cultivation equalling to 76.3%. In an year, Tarime District harvests approximately 43,151 tons of maize, 2,882 tons of beans, 12,169 tons of bananas, 5,076 tons of sorghum, 8,815 tons of rice, 14,539 tons of sweet potatoes, 33,809 tons of cassava and 2730 tons and coffee.
Other crops grown in Tarime District are millet, sorghum, sunflower, potatoes, onions, tea and sisal.
According to the 1998/99 Agricultural Census, the District has 386,591 cattle, 250,680 goats, 86,926 sheep, 5591 pigs and 1488 dairy cows. It is estimated that annually, the district produces 337,906 litrers of milk and 175,500 kilogram of meat.
Tarime district is rich in mineral resources. It is a world renown region for precious metals and precious stones.
The North Mara deposit has attracted some of the biggest industry players in the world, such as Barrick Gold of Canada. Please refer to the Natural Resorces link for more information.